Equitable water Distribution in Main Irrigation canals with constrained water supply

Authors:

S.M. Hashemy Shahdany, J.M. Maestre & P.J. van Overloop.

Journal:

Water Resources Management

Abstract:

In this study a novel configuration of the Water Level Difference Error method is introduced to speed up the error sharing in the context of Model Predictive Control (MPC). The potential application of the controller is examined. The main objective of this controller is fair distribution of water between upstream and downstream users in main canals suffering from water shortages. The scheme uses the Integrator-Delay (ID) model for canal pool responses in a model predictive controller. The designed controller is tested on an accurate simulation model of a large canal system, using four test scenarios. The scenarios suffer from limited water supply conditions that are imposed by a limitation on the canal inflow. The results show fast reactions in equitable sharing of water level deviations from target throughout the canal. Since, all the pools are involved in optimally managing the water shortage, significant improvements in operational performance of the canal are achieved. In addition, the operational performance of the designed controller is remarkably improved by applying a new strategy of target-bands instead of target levels in the canal pools as it increases the flexibility of the controller in making appropriate decisions.