Time-Varying Scheme for Noncentralized Predictive Control of Large-Scale Systems

Authors:

Alfredo Núñez, Carlos Ocampo-Martínez, José María Maestre & Bart De Schutter

Journal:

Mathematical Problems in Engineering

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/560702

Abstract:

The noncentralized model predictive control (NC-MPC) framework in this paper refers to any distributed, hierarchical, or decentralized model predictive controller (or a combination of them) the structure of which can change over time and the control actions of which are not obtained based on a centralized computation. Within this framework, we propose suitable online methods to decide which information is shared and how this information is used between the different local predictive controllers operating in a decentralized, distributed, and/or hierarchical way. Evaluating all the possible structures of the NC-MPC controller leads to a combinatorial optimization problem. Therefore, we also propose heuristic reduction methods, to keep the number of NC-MPC problems tractable to be solved. To show the benefits of the proposed framework, a case study of a set of coupled water tanks is presented.